Ethnopharmacological Note: Use of Young Red-Coloured Mangifera indica L. Leaves for Blood Glucose Control in Diabetes
Md. Abu Hanif, Sharmin Jahan Ansary, Rownak Jahan, Mohammed Rahmatullah

Mangifera indica L. belongs to the Anacardiaceae family and is extensively cultivated in Bangladesh because of its sweet edible fruits. In English, the fruit is known as ‘mango’ and in Bengali known as ‘aam’. Mangoes come in diverse varieties, shapes, sizes, flavors, and extent of sweetness. Mango trees are quite large trees and can grow more than 20 feet in height. Various parts of the tree are considered to have medicinal qualities and are used by traditional or folk medicinal practitioners (FMPs) in Bangladesh. During spring, the trees sprout new leaves, which are red in color initially but rapidly turns to dark green. The Soren clan of the Santal tribe in Rajshahi district, Bangladesh, uses the inner part of the seeds for treatment of lesions on the tongue. Mature leaves are used for a toothache, tooth infections, and dysentery by FMPs in Narayanganj district, Bangladesh. Leaves and stems are used for dysentery treatment in Tangail district, Bangladesh. Bark and floral clusters are used for the treatment of dysentery and passing of blood with urine by FMPs in Kurigram district, Bangladesh. Seeds are used for the treatment of diabetes in Khulna district, Bangladesh. In this note, we describe a previously unreported use of new (red-colored) leaves of the tree for controlling blood glucose during diabetes.

Keywords: Mangifera indica; Diabetes; Bangladesh