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Anti-cancer, antimicrobial, and antioxidative potentials of Mesua ferrea L. and its phytochemical constituents: a review
Adiana Mohamed Adib, Nurhanan Murni Yunos, Chee Beng Jin

Abstract
Abstract: Mesua ferrea (Guttiferae) is known for its valuable wood. It has been used as one of the many ingredients in ancient Ayurveda. The plant grows well in Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. Different plant parts were reportedly used as a traditional medicine to treat various ailments including cough, asthma, scabies, dermatopathy, leprosy, dysentery, and hemorrhoids. These traditional usages suggest the presence of active phytochemical ingredients, which may have the potential to be developed into advanced nutraceutical or future pharmaceutical products. This review aims to gather invaluable scientific evidence or references and to relate them with the phytochemicals responsible for the various therapeutic potentials of the plant parts.

Keywords: Mesua ferrea, phytochemistry, therapeutic, anti-cancer, antimicrobial, antioxidative