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Damong Maria (Artemisia vulgaris Linn.) – An ancient medicinal plant
Gwyneth Z. Francisco, Sittie Tashniym A. Ombawa, Hannah Grace O. Tangliben, Abigail D. Tiongson, 
Zenaida R. Los Baños, Alicia I. Yu

Abstract
Medicinal plants have long been around as treatment for numerous illnesses. The countless years of difficulties against diseases due to which man learned to seek drugs in the different plant parts like barks, seeds, and fruit bodies resulted in the awareness of medicinal plant application. The improved ability of physicians and pharmacists to react in response to the problems that arose with the spread of professional services in the facilitation of man’s well-being has caused the advancement of knowledge related to the usage of medicinal plants. Artemisia vulgaris, one of the most important species of the genus Artemisia, has a long history for being used as a medicinal plant in various parts of the world. Besides, each part of the plant has been of great interest due to its medicinal uses and promising pharmacological properties. This study aims to review the medicinal uses, pharmacological properties, and other potentials of A. vulgaris. The reviewed data shows that the medicinal activities of A. vulgaris are attributed to its secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, sesquiterpene lactones, acetylenes, phenolic acids, organic acids, among others. Furthermore, each part of the plant has its own pharmacological actions. The reviewed data also details the plant’s insecticidal and pharmacological activities. From the results obtained, it can be concluded that A. vulgaris, as a medicinal plant, has many properties, especially that can be used for the alternative therapeutic agent for the treatment of some human diseases.

Keywords: Artemisia vulgaris