Prunus domestica: a review
Nighat Sultana, Haseeb-ur-Rehman, Sidra Tul Muntaha, Zarmina Haroon, Duaa Fatima, Hafiza Fakhra

Prunus domestica , the European plum, probably originated from South-Eastern Europe and South Western Asia and is cultivated in temperate zones throughout the world. The fruit of this plant is widely used for nutritive, laxative, and digestive properties. Different phenolic acids, quinic acids, flavonoids, and anthocyanins have been isolated from extracts of the plum. The fruit is documented to possess beneficial effects such as hypotensive, hypoglycemic, and hepatoprotective. A scrutiny of the literature revealed some notable pharmacological activities of the fruit such as antioxidant, antihyperlipidemic, anticancer, anti-osteoporosis, anxiolytic and antibacterial, memory improving characteristics. Phenolic acids, such as chlorogenic acids, anthocyanins, flavanols, flavonols, and coumarins are the main polyphenolic compounds present in plum. Phenolic compounds in foods act as antioxidants for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) therefore have been associated with reduced incidences of heart disease. Reports are not available for any toxicity or contraindication until now. The present review is an attempt to highlight the chemical constituents, their mechanism of action, and various pharmacological reports on Prunus domestica.

Keywords: Prunus domestica , plums, polyphenols, antioxidants, laxative