Ethnomedicinal study of home garden species in Palpa District-Western Nepal
Sabina Sigdel & Swastika Acharya

Medicinal plants, being a fundamental treatment system since ancient times, are abundantly found in our locality. Though these plants are immensely important, documentation of home garden medicinal plants is not done properly and the majority of people are ignorant of the medicinal use of these locally accessible plants. The main objective of the study was the documentation of valuable species, their ethnomedicinal importance and plant parts used for the treatment of different ailments. This study was conducted in Rampur municipality, Palpa district during May-June 2021. Households (30) having home-gardens near residential areas were surveyed and highlighted 56 species of medicinal plants belonging to 35 families categorized as herb, shrub, tree, climbers and grass. Reported medicinal plants were valued for the treatment of different 92 ailments such as diabetes, epilepsy, fever, asthma, ulcers, bronchitis, syphilis, kidney stone, urinary insufficiency and many others. The most preferred plant part for treatments is leaf followed by fruit and root. Some of these species like oxalis (Amilo Jhar) is considered as weed and removed from fields. Due to developmental activities and inadequate knowledge about medicinal plants, the abundancy of these species is quickly dwindling and protection of those species should be prioritized by every sector.

Keywords: Medicinal plant; Ethnobotany; Treatment; Ailments