Medicinal plants of curative values used in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery disorder in far western Nepal: A review
Prakash Ojha, Sandeep Mahara

Abstract
Children residing in far western region of Nepal are prone to food and water borne diseases; diarrhea and dysentery are the prominent one. Although the region is rich in plants with medicinal properties; but still only a handful of people are conscious about their uses. Far western region has received the least amount of attention from researchers, so limited numbers of research exploring the floral potent of the region are available. This paper aims to review the availability of medicinal plants traditionally used by the local people of this region as mentioned in earlier research carried out in this region. A total of 55 literatures accessible from 1970-2021 were collected through ResearchGate and Google Scholar and thoroughly reviewed for the purpose. A total of 60 plant species of pharmacological significance belonging to 38 families representing 57 genera were found to be medically valuable in lessening the complications of diarrhea and dysentery. Fabaceae family was reported with the highest uses. Lack of conservation of ancient knowledge has led to use of medicinal plants in appropriate manner leading to vibrant side effects rather than cure. Proper marketing strategies and conservation practices can provide an alternative source of income to rural people of this region. 

Keywords: Medicinal plants; Far-western Nepal; Diarrhea; Dysentery, Ethnomedicinal, Indigenous