Quality assessment of Bilvadi taila used in Sensorineural deafness
Anuradha Kulasekara, M.K.R., Arawwawala, L.D.A.M., Peiris, K.P.P


Abstract
An attempt was taken to assess the quality of Bilvadi Taila which is composed of dried unripe fruit of Aegle marmelos L, seed oil of Brassica nigra L, goat milk, cow urine and water. Quality control parameters such as physicochemical, microbial counts, and heavy metals were determined. In addition, phytochemical screening and development of Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) fingerprint for the Bilvadi Taila were carried out. Results revealed that the peroxide value, acid value, iodine value, saponification value, moisture content, and reflective index of the Bilvadi Taila were 45.5±0.5 milliequivalents per kg, 22.0±0.4 mg KOH/g, 1.468±0.200 (at 40 oC), 190.4±1.2mg KOH/g, 59.0±1.6%w/w and 0.4±0.0%w/w respectively. Micro-organisms (Mesophilic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans) and heavy metals (Hg, As, Pd, and Cd) were not detected in the Bilvadi Taila. Seven and ten spots were observed in the Thin Layer Chromatography fingerprint of the Bilvadi Taila before and after spraying vanillin sulphate respectively. Alkaloids, steroids, tannins, saponins, and flavonoids were found to be present in the Bilvadi Taila. In conclusion, an attempt was made to establish the quality control parameters of Bilvadi Taila for the first time.

Keywords: Bilvadi Taila, Physicochemical parameters, Phytochemicals, Sensor neural deafness